A Reading List for St. Louis City Candidates for Mayor by Left Bank Books and nextSTL

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At nextSTL, we’re always looking for new, different, and informative ways to explore a particular issue or topic. This spring, perhaps no single issue is more important to the future of St. Louis than the election of a new mayor for the first time in 16 years.

With support from Left Bank Books and Patrick McEvoy (Twitter: @pat_mcevoy), we’re doing more than simply listing books to read, we’re presenting leading candidates for mayor with copies of four books we believe are essential to understanding our city and making St. Louis a greater place to live, work, and visit. In the coming days and weeks we’ll reach out to candidates, invite them to join us on the Future Great City podcast and deliver this reading list to them.

We believe that our elected leaders lead best when best informed about urban issues from transportation to livability to small business economics. Our hope is that candidates see their role as community builders beyond the politics of scarcity that continues to confound the city. While we will continue to seek context, track development, and share ideas, each of the books below contains more wisdom and knowledge that we can possibly hope to impart on nextSTL.

 

The Left Bank Books / nextSTL St. Louis City mayoral candidate reading list:

Death and Life of Great American Cities by Jane Jacobs
A direct and fundamentally optimistic indictment of the short-sightedness and intellectual arrogance that has characterized much of urban planning in this century, The Death and Life of Great American Cities has, since its first publication in 1961, become the standard against which all endeavors in that field are measured.

Walkable City: How Downtown Can Save America, One Step at a Time by Jeff Speck
Jeff Speck has dedicated his career to determining what makes cities thrive. And he has boiled it down to one key factor: walkability. The very idea of a modern metropolis evokes visions of bustling sidewalks, vital mass transit, and a vibrant, pedestrian-friendly urban core. But in the typical American city, the car is still king, and downtown is a place that’s easy to drive to but often not worth arriving at.

Big-Box Swindle: The True Cost of Mega-Retailers and the Fight for America’s Independent Businesses by Stacy Mitchell
In less than two decades, large retail chains have become the most powerful corporations in America. Stacy Mitchell illustrates how mega-retailers are fueling many of our most pressing problems, from the shrinking middle class to rising pollution and diminished civic engagement and she shows how a growing number of communities and independent businesses are effectively fighting back.

Happy City: Transforming Our Lives Through Urban Design by Charles Montgomery
A globe-trotting, eye-opening exploration of how cities can and do make us happier people. After decades of unchecked sprawl, more people than ever are moving back to the city. Dense urban living has been prescribed as a panacea for the environmental and resource crises of our time. But is it better or worse for our happiness?

 

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At the heart of a vibrant sustainable community are local businesses. While our challenges are many, it’s difficult to find one that isn’t directly and significantly impacted by the health of small and locally owned businesses. From employment to procurement, taxes, and philanthropy, locally owned busineses touch every part of our lives and community. Therefore we wanted to offer additional economic impact studies regarding local businesses:

Since 2002, a number of studies have repeatedly documented the positive economic impact of locally owned businesses, and their significantly greater economic return to the local economy than that of retail chains, big box stores, and, especially regarding sales tax, remote online retailers. Independent booksellers have often been the driving force behind these efforts, which have resulted in favorable public policy for locally owned businesses and heightened consumer awareness of the issues.

Amazon & Empty Storefronts: The Fiscal and Land Use Impacts of Online Retail (2016)
A study from Civic Economics which details the overall negative impact that Amazon has had on Main Street retailers and jobs, and the communities in which they are located, across the country. ABA has prepared the New Localism Toolkit with resources for member bookstores based on data from the Amazon study.

Independent Business Owners Report Growing Public Support (2014)
A national survey of independent business owners conducted by the Institute for Local Self-Reliance in partnership with the Advocates for Independent Business coalition has found that Local First initiatives are boosting customer traffic and improving the outlook on Main Street, but policymakers need to do more to create a level playing field and ensure that small local businesses have an equal opportunity to compete.

Survey Confirms Benefits of “Buy Local First” Campaigns, Finds Challenges Ahead (2013)
The 2013 post-holiday Independent Business Survey, conducted by the Institute for Local Self-Reliance (ILSR) in partnership with the American Booksellers Association and other indie business organizations, has found that independent businesses experienced solid revenue growth in 2012, buoyed in part by “buy local first” initiatives and growing public interest in supporting locally owned businesses.

Indie Impact National Summary: Indies Give Back Over Three Times as Much as Chains (2013)
Communities as different as Las Vegas, New Mexico, and Louisville, Kentucky, have at least one thing in common: Their independent businesses recirculate a substantially greater proportion of their revenues back into the local economy than do their chain competitors. This, according to a national study, The Indie Impact Study Series: National Summary Report, a summary of 10 localized studies conducted by Civic Economics.

Independent Businesses in Salt Lake City Deliver Greater Economic Benefit (2012)
Choosing a locally owned store generates almost four times as much economic benefit for the surrounding region as shopping at a chain, a new study has concluded. The study by research firm Civic Economics found that the local retailers return an average of 52 percent of their revenue to the local economy, compared with just 14 percent for the chain retailers.

Grand Rapids Study Shows Shift to Indies Has Big Impact (2008)
A new study from Local First of Grand Rapids, Michigan, reveals that a modest change in consumer behavior — a 10 percent shift in market share to independent businesses from chain stores — would result in 1,600 new jobs, $53 million in wages, and a $137 million economic impact to the area.

Procurement Matters: The Economic Impact of Local Suppliers (2007)
A Civic Economics study commissioned by Local First Arizona reveals that public procurement from a local supplier generates “dramatically greater local economic activity” than procurement from a chain business.

The Andersonville Study of Retail Economics (2004)
A 2004 report by Civic Economics, which compares 10 local businesses in the Andersonville neighborhood of Chicago versus their chain competitors, demonstrates the greater economic impact of locally owned businesses.

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  • kjohnson04

    Lion of the Valley By James Neal Primm; Fragmented by Design by E. Terrence Jones; The city and county charters (no sense being mayor of a city if you don’t know your responsibilities).

  • Mark Benton

    Jane Jacobs is good of course. I worry about focusing on downtown – yes mistakes have been made downtown but in a more general sense the focus on that corridor has been to the detriment of other corridors. Haven’t read the other two, but obviously retail has played a huge part in regional fracturing. Glad to see the acknowledgement of mapping decline below, I would add Lion of the Valley by James Primm to get a historical perspective on St. Louis.

    I would caution anyone from thinking we can control the social environment by controlling the built environment – a big problem of modernism and the planning that went along with it is that it has a ‘if you build it they will use it’ bent. People are not so easily manipulated to behave in a certain way – for the built environment to be fully effective it must be subordinate to the social environment.

    My two cents as a young planning academic, others feel free to disagree and correct and I would be happy to hear it.

  • matimal

    The real issue is the disincentives to urban investment caused by the postwar suburban industrial complex. Until the massive subsidization of places like chesterfield ends, urban investment faces profound disadvantages. Until people have to pay for what they use, this problem cannot be solved.

  • Lucas Strittmatter

    Not to be overly critical, but these books are “preachy” books that people with a general interest in urban planning read (or should read). A book like “The High Cost of Free Parking” by Donald C. Shoup would be more beneficial as it actually tackles a serious issue within St. Louis that can be solved. “Great Streets” by Allan B. Jacobs would be another highly beneficial book. A more recent title, “Streetfight: Handbook for an Urban Revolution” by Janette Sadik-Khan and Seth Solomonow would be extremely relevant. But reading Jane Jacobs’ book, which was written in the early 1960s and tackles modernist urban renewal concepts of that era, is not too relevant to making St. Louis a better place to live today.

    • NoBooksInHouse

      Another good selection of what looks to be excellent reads. “Streetfight” book sounds interesting. Yeah, I agree. I initially thought the same thing about “preachy” and maybe not fitting our times. Jane Jacobs book probably focused on a densely populated city NY rather than a small city like St. Louis that is dispersed. Still, some of the ideas maybe very useful. Why not try to use some of those great ideas? Heck, can’t hurt.

      • Adam

        Yeah, I still think it’s useful to read Jacobs. She comes from a different time and place, but I think her observations on what makes a city “work” are fairly universal and timeless.

        • Alex Ihnen

          Yes. I believe that it’s hard to talk about urbanism today, and the basis of many of today’s ideas/theories without ready Life & Death. It certainly does require some context regarding time and specific cities.

    • Chicagoan

      Aren’t the urban renewal concepts that Jacobs talks about comparable to the silver bullet projects that many cities pursue? I wouldn’t say in terms of investment or scale, but in other ways. Her ideas always seem to apply, whether it’s the 1960’s or 2010’s.

  • tbatts666

    Great idea!

    Life and Death of Great American cities is such a stunning read.

  • Chicagoan

    I love books, cats, and St. Louis, so I must go to Left Bank Books and purchase that tote!

  • John

    Great idea. To close the loop (no pun intended), I would like to see a follow-up blog article with feedback from the mayoral candidates after they’ve read and reflected upon these books.

  • BookWorm

    An interesting selection of books. A great idea Alex. I hope it brings about improvements.

  • Alex P

    Jeff Speck is my hero.

    That’s all.

  • Kitty

    I would definitely add Mapping Decline by Colin Gordon. He presents a downright disturbing picture of our city with the facts and numbers to back it up. It’s a very eye-opening tale of what not to do and/or stop doing.

  • Ben Harvey

    Happy City was a fantastic read. I would recommend the audiobook too