Arch/Parks Tax Victory, St. Louis Regionalism and What’s Next

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Old Courthouse Architecture - new Old Courthouse Gallery
{the Old Courthouse renovation will be one of the big beneficiaries of the Prop P victory}

Proposition P was approved by voters in the City of St. Louis by a wide margin yesterday. County voters passed the measure as well, meaning the 3/16% sales tax increase to fund local parks, recreation trails and the Arch grounds will be in effect for a period of 20 years, at which point votes will be required to reauthorize the tax. The final tally in the city saw the measure pass 67.2% to 32.8. The county final margin was 5.8% (6,234 votes), passing 52.9% to 47.1%. Turnout in the city was 12.5% and for the county 15.3%.

That’s reality, but perhaps an outmoded lens through which to view the vote. Many, likely most, visitors to this site would like to see more regional cooperation, including St. Louis City rejoining St. Louis County, or even a full municipal merger. Shouldn’t votes such as this been seen through this hopeful lens? If so, the Prop P vote wasn’t close. A combined city/county would have passed the measure with very little drama, providing an 11% margin (14,545 votes). This shows that there was broad support among votes in the core of our region.

Yet the city and county comprise just 46% of the region’s population. This was not what one should consider a regional initiative. Adding St. Charles County would push that total to 60% and adding counties with more than 200,000 residents (St. Clair, Madison and Jefferson), would push that number to a truly regional 86%. This is the next great task for CityArchRiver and Great Rivers Greenway. Will they attempt it? Will we get a regional approach? The city and county voting alike should no longer count as a regional victory.

County population percentage STL MSA

While Prop P proponents rightly claimed a hard earned victory, the boast that voters said yes to the Arch redevelopment obscures a more realistic reading of the vote. St. Louis County voters didn’t vote for the Arch. It’s reasonable to conclude that with the beloved County parks continuing to face a fiscal crisis, voters there were just barely convinced to swallow the larger tax pill.

According to the Post-Dispatch, forty percent of the money, or about $12.5M in the first year, will stay in the city and county, to maintain or expand parks. Thirty percent, or about $9.4M, will go to Great Rivers Greenway to expand its network of trails in the region, including the city, county and St. Charles County. The remaining thirty percent ($9.4M) will be allocated to the Arch grounds renovation with Great Rivers Greenway as the fiduciary agent.

{rendering of proposed elevated accessible path at North Gateway}

The bill passed by the city’s Board of Aldermen very specifically allocated proceeds schedule to stay in the city, a portion of which is the Major Parks Capital Improvements Account. That fund will be directed to capital improvements in Carondelet, Fairground, Forest, O’Fallon, Tower Grove and Willmore Parks (the Major Parks) in the following proportions: Carondelet, 15.1%; Fairground, 11%; Forest, 30.6%; O’Fallon, 10.7%; Tower Grove, 23.6%; and Willmore, 9%.

In the moment of victory, Arch grounds project leadership promoted the idea that success will come as long as they don’t pander to people who want to take the region backward. This quite effectively shines a bright spotlight on the condescending and tone deaf nature of civic leadership in St. Louis. The effort to invalidate other viewpoints is the antithesis of leadership. The inability to see other voices as anything other than backward or contradictory to progress is a failure of civic vision. The lack of tact on display doesn’t obscure the politically successful maneuver of creating a large enough initiative that gave just enough to enough of the electorate to pass.

The measure should clearly put city and county parks on solid financial footing. It will be interesting to see how parks budgets play out as governments in both places will undoubtedly be tempted to pull any discretionary park funding with a dedicated tax in place. In practice, this could mean little to no net increase in park funding. If you want to see how this works, explore the history of education funding in Missouri (and Indiana, and elsewhere) following the passage of dedicated education funding from casino taxes. Funding has often replaced general revenue funds instead of adding to them.

The clearest winner in Great Rivers Greenway. As the fiduciary entity of the tax earmarked for the Arch grounds, the organization will leap into a new public role as never before. The advisory committee being formulated will rightfully raise the level of public involvement in the Arch grounds project. Perhaps more significantly, the Great Rivers Greenway vision of several hundred miles of integrated greenways across the region receives a massive boost. The most high profile of their projects will be the North Riverfront Trestle, a St. Louis High Line.

{The Trestle will be highest profile Great Rivers Greenway project to get a boost from Prop P}

As I’ve tried to make clear previously, the vast majority of the plans to redevelop the Arch grounds are excellent. As a side note, I didn’t campaign against because the questions that concern me weren’t on the ballot. Advocating a “no” vote would have been purely punitive; not something I think is politically or civically productive. The CityArchRiver plans, pushed by a self-imposed October 2015 deadline, are set. A lid over the highway will be built, a new westward entrance to the underground museum is coming. Now that the Prop P vote is past, we can focus on the positive changes coming to the grounds. And again, there are many.

The raising of Leonor K. Sullivan Boulevard, the lid, and museum work was already funded and planned. The tax will help fund the renovation of Kiener Plaza, restoration of much of the Arch grounds and more. The story on what the full redevelopment plan, now nearly complete funded with the passage of Prop P, entails can be found here: Considering CityArchRiver Arch Grounds Alternatives and Why NPS Should Go Big. A more complete explanation of Prop P and how we got to yesterday’s vote is here: Proposition P: Sales Tax Increase in St. Louis City to Fund CityArchRiver, Parks to Ask Voters for $1B.

{cross-section of Leonor K. Sullivan Boulevard showing maximum alternative}

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  • guest

    Alex, what do you mean by the “What’s next” reference in the title? As Peter Sortino said, we do parks good. We have Forest Park, now a high line, and a cool Arch space. So what’s next?

    • Alex Ihnen

      In this case it is a reference to what we can expect at the Arch grounds.


    For the new funding to GRG, it continues to state that the increased funding will allow them to speed up how fast all there planned trails are built. Looking at there plans it still seems like there are some gaps in their plans for the next 10/20 years. Is any of the increased dollars going to allow them to explore trails in new areas that haven’t been explored, studied, or designed? Maybe its just the phrasing of it, but its always sounded as if they have there list of project already set of the future. Just not sure how much flexibility is allowed in those plans?

    • John R

      I believe that they have the general system already mapped out, but it is of course subject to revision; for example particular engineering or acquisition hurdles may prove to be too tough to carry out a segment as envisioned and/or local input through the planning meetings may identify other refinements/ alternatives. Whether or not the new funds will allow for new trails I am not sure, but I suspect that GRG is open to exploring good new options but that the tab for what already is planned would not leave a significant amount of GRG funds for new trails.

  • T-Leb

    I have a question, the new museum, or just the new museum entrance is already funded by CAR Foundation?

    • Alex Ihnen

      CAR has stated that all museum renovations and construction will be financed by private donations. That said, does it matter so much how the funds are allocated? (see comment regarding St. Charles)

      • T-Leb

        Okay, I thought it was saying that they already had the dollars raised for Museum, I didn’t think they had raised much yet, the bulk of fundraising still needs to be done now that public money is in place.

        • Alex Ihnen

          Basically, though it’s be said that the private commitments are already there and then alluded to that they were dependent on Prop P passing. I’ve tried to watch this issue closely and there’s not a clear statement out there about this.

          • STL Enginerd

            Are the design elements now fully funded and set in stone. I have said I do not support the removal of the arch garage as it is paid for and as far as i know generating positive cash flow for the city. It may be paranoia but i have a sinking feeling that the loss of this parking option will just mean a new garage will be subsidized and built a few blocks away at great expense. Eliminating surface parking in Lacledes Landing I’m all for.

          • Alex Ihnen

            Some very significant items are set – lid over I-70, closing Memorial Drive, etc. The north garage and Washington Avenue decision has not been finalized, but IMO will take a herculean effort to change the current design plan. A lot of time and money has gone into getting approve from the city, historic preservation and more to build the park up to the Eads. I hope to sit down with CAR soon and get a lot more detail about what’s been decided. Due to the complexity of the design elements (everyone who needs to sign off on everything), I’d anticipate very few changes to planned paths, pond rework and so forth.

  • T-Leb

    “Thirty percent, or about $9.4M, will go to Great Rivers Greenway to expand its network of trails in the region, including the city, county and St. Charles County.” — GRG says no money from Prop P will be used in St. Charles.

    • Chris Naffziger

      It better not be.

    • Alex Ihnen

      If any funding increases occur in St. Charles County then, in effect, money is going there, no matter the accounting jargon.

      • T-Leb

        Hopefully St. Chuck comes to their senses and bucks up for trails in their county.

        • Simon Nogin

          Give GRG 7 years and no funding increases in St. Chuck, and don’t be surprised when Prop PP – creating a sales tax for GRG in St. UpChuck County – passes with great support.

          The Show-Me concept of our state, I feel, has its roots in stubbornness and a lack of creative thought. I’m not surprised that they won’t see the vision of our region until it’s trails are paved and in use and make STL Co + City more attractive to residents than highway 94 is.

          See you guys in 8 years (7 for infrastructure completion in STL and an extra one for continued jealousy and eventual drafting and passing of PP).

      • Don

        That is a well taken point. If GRG moves money they would have spent on the east side of the MO river to the west because of new found dollars in Prop P, then we’ve all just been screwed. Governments do this all the time, ie “all lottery money is dedicated to education” simply allows the general assembly to move those general revenue dollars once spent on education to something else giving education a net zero gain from the supposed new found lottery money.

        • Daron

          That’s fine with me. The more GRG spends on St. Charles the more it ties them to regional agencies and sets up a case for them increasing their contributions in the future or potentially joining other projects like the ZMD or Metro.

          • Not Daron